Peer relations among adolescents with female same-sex parents

Dev Psychol. 2008 Jan;44(1):117-26. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.44.1.117.


This study examined associations among family type (same-sex vs. opposite-sex parents), adolescent gender, family and relationship variables, and the peer relations of adolescents. Participants included 44 adolescents parented by same-sex female couples and 44 adolescents parented by opposite-sex couples, matched on demographic characteristics and drawn from a national sample. On both self-reported and peer-reported measures of relations with peers, adolescents were functioning well, and the quality of their peer relations was not associated with family type. Regardless of family type, adolescents whose parents described closer relationships with them reported higher quality peer relations and more friends in school and were rated as more central in their friendship networks.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / psychology*
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Family Relations*
  • Fathers / psychology
  • Female
  • Homosexuality / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Marriage / psychology
  • Mothers / psychology
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Peer Group*
  • Personality Inventory
  • Quality of Life
  • Sex Factors
  • Sexual Partners / psychology
  • Social Support
  • Students / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires