Prediction of clinical outcome with baseline and 24-hour perfusion CT in acute middle cerebral artery territory ischemic stroke treated with intravenous recanalization therapy

Neuroradiology. 2008 May;50(5):391-6. doi: 10.1007/s00234-007-0358-2.

Abstract

Introduction: We sought to determine whether Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Scores (ASPECTS) derived from baseline noncontrast CT (NCCT) and perfusion CT (CTP) imaging maps can predict clinical outcome after recanalization therapy in acute ischemic stroke of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory and whether changes in the ASPECTS from baseline to 24 h after recanalization therapy can help predict clinical outcome.

Methods: We retrospectively studied consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke of the MCA territory treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) or abciximab within 6 h of symptom onset. We performed NCCT and CTP before and 24 h after intravenous t-PA or abciximab treatment and determined the ASPECTS and the changes in the ASPECTS from baseline to 24 h. A favorable outcome was defined as a modified Rankin scale score of 0 or 1 at 3 months.

Results: During the 18-month study period 44 patients were studied. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the cerebral blood volume (CBV) ASPECTS (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.10 to 2.93) at baseline and the increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) ASPECTS (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.13 to 2.50) from baseline to 24 h were associated with a favorable outcome. The cutoff values for a favorable outcome using receiver operating characteristic curves were 8 and 1, respectively. When the CBV ASPECTS at baseline was 8 or more, its positive predictive value was only 58.1%. When the CBV ASPECTS at baseline was 8 or more and the increase in CBF ASPECTS from baseline to 24 h was 1 or more, the positive predictive value was 100% and the negative predictive value was 74.2%.

Conclusion: The CBV ASPECTS derived from baseline CTP maps was found to be predictive of a favorable outcome, but its positive predictive value was suboptimal. The change in the CBF ASPECTS from baseline to 24 h after treatment was helpful in predicting outcome.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Hematologic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery / diagnostic imaging*
  • Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery / drug therapy
  • Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery / physiopathology
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Hematologic Agents