Sarcoplasmic calcium-binding protein: identification as a new allergen of the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon

Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2008;146(2):91-8. doi: 10.1159/000113512. Epub 2008 Jan 18.


Background: Tropomyosin and arginine kinase have been identified as crustacean allergens. During purification of arginine kinase from black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon, we found a new allergen of 20-kDa.

Methods: A 20-kDa allergen was purified from the abdominal muscle of black tiger shrimp by salting-out, anion-exchange HPLC and reverse-phase HPLC. Following digestion of the 20-kDa allergen with lysyl endopeptidase, peptide fragments were isolated by reverse-phase HPLC, and 2 of them were sequenced. The 20-kDa allergen, together with tropomyosin and arginine kinase purified from black tiger shrimp, was evaluated for IgE reactivity by ELISA. Five species of crustaceans (kuruma shrimp, American lobster, pink shrimp, king crab and snow crab) were surveyed for the 20-kDa allergen by immunoblotting.

Results: The 20-kDa allergen was purified from black tiger shrimp and identified as a sarcoplasmic calcium-binding protein (SCP) based on the determined amino acid sequences of 2 enzymatic fragments. Of 16 sera from crustacean-allergic patients, 8 and 13 reacted to SCP and tropomyosin, respectively; the reactivity to arginine kinase was weakly recognized with 10 sera. In immunoblotting, an IgE-reactive 20-kDa protein was also detected in kuruma shrimp, American lobster and pink shrimp but not in 2 species of crab. Preadsorption of the sera with black tiger shrimp SCP abolished the IgE reactivity of the 20-kDa protein, suggesting the 20-kDa protein to be an SCP.

Conclusions: SCP is a new crustacean allergen, and distribution of IgE-reactive SCP is probably limited to shrimp and crayfish.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Allergens / immunology*
  • Allergens / isolation & purification
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Anomura
  • Arginine Kinase / blood
  • Arginine Kinase / isolation & purification
  • Astacoidea
  • Brachyura
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / immunology*
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Food Hypersensitivity / blood
  • Food Hypersensitivity / immunology
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Nephropidae
  • Penaeidae / enzymology
  • Penaeidae / immunology*
  • Sarcoplasmic Reticulum / immunology*
  • Sarcoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism
  • Tropomyosin / blood
  • Tropomyosin / immunology


  • Allergens
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Tropomyosin
  • Arginine Kinase
  • Calcium