Electromagnetic interventions in musculoskeletal disorders

Clin Sports Med. 2008 Jan;27(1):87-105, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2007.10.006.


Electromagnetic interventions in general and those considering the musculoskeletal system in particular hold many obscurities. Several studies revealing positive effects of electromagnetic fields oppose those showing no beneficial effects. After a historical review and a discussion of basic details on electromagnetic signals, this article provides information on the effects of electromagnetic fields on a cellular level and gives an account of preclinical and clinical studies focused on electromagnetic interventions by means of weak pulsed electromagnetic fields on musculoskeletal disorders.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cell Proliferation
  • Chondrocytes / cytology
  • Epidermal Cells
  • Fracture Healing
  • Humans
  • Magnetics*
  • Microcirculation
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / therapy*
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic
  • Osteoclasts / cytology
  • Pain Management