Adherence to sport injury rehabilitation programs: an integrated psycho-social approach

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2008 Dec;18(6):798-809. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2007.00704.x. Epub 2008 Jan 14.


The aim of the present study was to examine an adapted integrated psycho-social model to predict sport injury rehabilitation adherence. A longitudinal prospective design was used whereby 70 patients attending private physiotherapy clinics completed a battery of questionnaires both pre- and post-rehabilitation treatment based on the adapted framework. All participants were receiving treatment for tendonitis-related injuries. Adherence was monitored prospectively over the entire rehabilitation program using an observational measure of clinic adherence, a self-report measure of home-based adherence, in addition to monitoring attendance at rehabilitation sessions. In the initial phase of rehabilitation learning goal orientation, attitudes and perceived severity were found to predict rehabilitation intention. Intentions were also found to mediate the relationship between the aforementioned variables and clinic rehabilitation. Self-efficacy and self-motivation were predictors of clinic rehabilitation and attendance but not home rehabilitation. During the maintenance phase of rehabilitation coping ability and social support were predictors regarding all three measures of adherence. Implications for practitioners rehabilitating injured athletes are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Athletic Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Motivation
  • Patient Compliance / psychology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Regression Analysis
  • Self Efficacy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult