Atypical protein kinase C-iota (PKC-iota) protects cells against apoptosis and may play a role in cell proliferation. However, in vivo, the status and function of PKC-iota in human normal brain tissue, gliomas, benign and malignant meningiomas as well as its in vitro status in proliferating and confluent glioma cells, remains unknown.
Objectives: The objectives of our research were to determine whether expression of PKC-iota is altered either in gliomas or in benign and malignant meningiomas, compared to normal brain. In addition, we wished to establish the expression of PKC-iota in proliferating plus in cell cycle-arrested glioma cell lines, as well as the relationship between PKC-iota siRNA on PKC-iota protein content and cell proliferation.
Materials and methods: Western blot analyses for PKC-iota were performed on 12 normal brain biopsies, 15 benign meningiomas, three malignant meningiomas and three gliomas.
Results: Results demonstrated no (n = 9) or very weak (n = 3) detection of PKC-iota in normal brain tissue. In comparison, PKC-iota was robustly present in the majority of the benign meningiomas. Similarly, PKC-iota was abundant in all malignant meningiomas and gliomas. Western blotting for PKC-iota in confluent or proliferating glioma cell lines depicted substantial quantities of PKC-iota in proliferating T98G and U-138MG glioma cells. In contrast, confluent cells had either 71% (T98G) or 21% (U-138MG) less PKC-iota than proliferating cells. T98 and U-138 MG glioma cells treated with 100 nm PKC-iota siRNA had lower levels of cell proliferation compared to control siRNA-A and complete down-regulation of PKC-iota protein content.
Conclusion: These results support the concept that presence of PKC-iota may be required for cell proliferation to take place.