Fluorescein angiography--is it safe to use in a pregnant patient?

Eur J Ophthalmol. 1991 Apr-Jun;1(2):103-6. doi: 10.1177/112067219100100209.


We sent questionnaires to 424 retina specialists in order to compile information on the use of fluorescein angiography in pregnant women. Four-hundred and three specialists responded. Of these, 313 (78%) had never performed fluorescein angiography on a pregnant woman. Ninety specialists (22%) had performed at least one fluorescein angiogram on a pregnant woman; detailed information was obtained on 105 patients. Authors of previous reports that included fluorescein angiography during pregnancy provided information on an additional 11 patients. Substantiated side effects were nausea and/or vomiting in seven patients. Anomalies at birth, an undescended testicle and syndactyly, were reported in two children. There was one stillbirth with pathologic findings classic for toxemia and one fetal death not related in time to fluorescein angiography. One therapeutic abortion was performed for complications in toxemia. One spontaneous abortion occurred 3 days after fluorescein angiography in a patient who was four weeks pregnant. Eight children born to toxemic mothers had low birth weights. Based on our data, we conclude that fluorescein angiography does not offer a high rate of birth anomalies or complications during pregnancy.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Contraindications
  • Female
  • Fluorescein
  • Fluorescein Angiography*
  • Fluoresceins
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis*
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Fluoresceins
  • Fluorescein