The acetate recovery factor to correct tracer-derived dietary fat oxidation in humans

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Apr;294(4):E645-53. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00720.2007. Epub 2008 Jan 22.


When using (13)C tracer to measure plasma fat oxidation, an acetate recovery factor should be determined in every subject to correct for label sequestration. Less is known regarding the acetate recovery factor for dietary fatty acid oxidation. We compiled data from six studies to investigate the determinants of the dietary acetate recovery factor (dARF) at rest and after physical activity interventions and compared the effects of different methods of dARF calculation on both the fat oxidation and its variability. In healthy lean subjects, dARF was 50.6 +/- 5.4% dose (n = 56) with an interindividual coefficient of variation of 10.6% at rest and 9.2% after physical activity modifications. The physical activity interventions did not impact dARF, and the intraindividual coefficient of variation was 4.6%. No major anthropological or physiological determinants were detected except for resting metabolic rate, which explains 7.4% of the dARF variability. Applying an individual or an average group dARF did not affect the mean and the variability of the derived dietary lipid oxidation at rest or after physical activity interventions. Using a mean dARF for a group leads to over- or underestimation of fat oxidation of less than 10% in individual subjects. Moreover, the use of a group or individual correction did not affect the significant relationship found between fasting respiratory exchange ratio and dietary fat oxidation. These data indicate that an average dARF can be applied for longitudinal and cross-sectional studies investigating dietary lipid metabolism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetates / pharmacokinetics*
  • Adult
  • Breath Tests
  • Carbon Isotopes*
  • Dietary Fats / pharmacokinetics*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Oleic Acid / pharmacokinetics
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Palmitic Acid / pharmacokinetics
  • Physical Exertion / physiology*
  • Rest / physiology*


  • Acetates
  • Carbon Isotopes
  • Dietary Fats
  • Oleic Acid
  • Palmitic Acid