The role of anxiety in a mammography screening program

Psychosomatics. Jan-Feb 2008;49(1):49-55. doi: 10.1176/appi.psy.49.1.49.

Abstract

Fifty-eight women, at least 35 years old, without breast cancer, were approached to examine the role of anxiety in mammography compliance. Forty-seven women for pre- and 43 for pre- and post-mammography completed the analysis. Mean age was 50; 64% were Hispanic, and 83% had no health insurance. Anxiety scores decreased after mammography. Residual anxiety was associated with having more than four films taken or with "non-negative" results. Eighty-five percent intended to return as recommended. Even though 26% of the group reported post-mammography anxiety, most planned to return. Future studies should explore staff influence on compliance across cultures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anxiety / diagnosis
  • Anxiety / psychology*
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / psychology
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology
  • Humans
  • Mammography / psychology*
  • Mass Screening / psychology*
  • Medically Uninsured / psychology
  • Middle Aged
  • New Jersey
  • Patient Compliance / psychology*
  • Somatoform Disorders / diagnosis
  • Somatoform Disorders / psychology