To provide a National database, 1,410 unrelated hemophilia A (HA) patients were investigated using screening methods denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC), conformational-sensitive gel electrophoresis (CSGE)] and/or direct sequencing. F8 gene mutations were identified in 877 (81%), 146 (82%), and 133 (89%) families with severe, moderate, or mild HA, respectively. Among the 382 different mutations detected, 217 (57%) have not previously been reported in the F8 Haemophilia A Mutation, Structure, Test and Resource Site (HAMSTeRS) database. Mutations leading to a null allele accounted for 82, 15%, and less than 1% of severe, moderate, or mild HA, respectively. A missense mutation was identified in 16%, 68%, and 81% of severe, moderate, or mild HA, respectively. They included 105 missense mutations (48%), 41 small deletions (19%), 25 splice site mutations (12%), 24 nonsense mutations (11%), 18 insertions (8%), three large deletions (1%), and one deletion plus insertion. Unreported mutations were distributed throughout the F8 gene, as they affected all F8 exons but exon 20. We report a wide spectrum of mutations collected in a large National database. The type of mutation was a strong predictor of the clinical phenotype. This database is expected to considerably improve the genetic counseling and medical care of HA families in Italy.