Deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase-beta (EC 126.96.36.199) FROM THE Novikoff hepatoma has been purified over 200 000-fold (based on the increase in specific activity), by ammonium sulfate fractionation and chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex, phosphocellulose, hydroxylapatite, and DNA-cellulose. The enzyme is remarkably stable through all stages of purification until DNA-cellulose chromatography when it must be kept in buffers containing 0.5 M NaCl and 1 mg/ml bovine serum albumin for stability. The enzyme appears to be homogeneous as evidenced by a single stainable band when subjected to electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gels of different porosity. The stainable band corresponds to the DNA polymerase as determined by slicing sister gels and assaying for enzyme activity. The specific activity of the homogeneous preparation is about 60 000 units/mg. The enzyme lacks detectable exonuclease or endonuclease activity. It has a molecular weight of 32 000 as determined by sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In sucrose gradients, the molecular weight is estimated at 31 000. The isoelectric point of the hydroxylapatite fraction enzyme is 8.5. The Novikoff beta-polymerase requires all four deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates, primer-template, and a divalent cation for maximal activity. The apparent Km for total deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate is 7-8 muM and for DNA 125 mug/ml. Activated DNA, rendered 7% acid soluble by DNase I, is the preferred primer-template, although a number of synthetic polynucleotides can by efficiently utilized, particularly in the presence of Mm2+ optimum is 7 mM; the Mn2+ optimum is 1 mM. The pH optimum is 8.4 in Tris-HCl or 9.2 in glycine buffer. The beta-polymerase is sstimulated about twofold by NaCl or KCl at an optimum of 50-100 MM, and the enzyme maintains considerable activity at high ionic strengths. The DNA polymerase is inhibited by ethanol, acetone, and a variety of known polymerase inhibitors. Glycols stimulate the enzyme as does spermine or spermidine. Unlike most beta-polymerases, the Novikoff enzyme is moderately sensitive to N-ethylmaleimide.