Airway stents

Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Feb;85(2):S792-6. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2007.11.051.


Airway stenting has been well used in the treatment and palliation of patients with malignant stenoses and to a lesser extent in those with benign disease causing airway compromise. Stents are either constructed of silicone or metal, usually a nitinol, a nickel and titanium alloy. The different categories of stents have positive and negative attributes that play a role in choosing the proper stent. This article aims to discuss these issues with regards to malignant and benign tracheobronchial disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Airway Obstruction / etiology
  • Airway Obstruction / mortality
  • Airway Obstruction / therapy*
  • Catheterization / instrumentation*
  • Catheterization / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / complications
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Male
  • Palliative Care*
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Stents*
  • Survival Rate
  • Tracheal Neoplasms / complications
  • Tracheal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Tracheal Stenosis / complications
  • Tracheal Stenosis / diagnosis
  • Treatment Outcome