Prooxidative/antioxidative homeostasis in heroin addiction and detoxification

Bratisl Lek Listy. 2007;108(9):393-8.

Abstract

Background: Long-term heroin abuse is related to pathological changes in many organs mediated by oxidative stress (OS).

Objectives: Estimation of systemic OS and antioxidant capacity in heroin addiction and detoxification provides information about prooxidant/antioxidant homeostasis in heroin misuse and need for antioxidant supplementation.

Methods: OS was evaluated by the measurement of plasma reactive oxygen metabolites using spectrophotometric method and plasma lipid peroxidation by its end product--malondyaldehyd using Tiobarbituric Acid Reactions Substances method. The extracellular antioxidant capacity was estimated using OXY-adsorbent test.

Results: This cross-sectional study includes 68 patients: 46 heroin addicts (20 patients on chronic heroin abuse, 19 patients on conventional method of detoxification and 7 patients on opioid antagonist--naltrexone (and 22 patients as a control) group. Increased OS was found in the heroin group (d-ROMs 349.3 +/- 102.2 UCarr, MDA 4.0 +/- 0.4 micromol/L) compared to the group on detoxification (d-ROMs 230.2 +/- 96.4 UCarr; MDA 3.6 +/- 0.3 micromol/L) and control group (d-ROMs 264.1 +/- 30.9 UCarr; MDA 3.7 +/- 0.2 micromol/L). TAC was decreased in the heroin group (324.5 +/- 75.0 micromol HClO/ml) and restored during conventional detoxification (371.8 +/- 25.1 micromol HClO/ml), but not completely in the group with naltrexone treatment (335.6 +/- 16.9 micromol HClO/ml) compared with controls (395.4 +/- 35.6 micromol HClO/ml).

Conclusion: Long-term heroin abuse stimulates a progressive systemic oxidative stress which increases the extracellular antioxidants consumption and develops conditions for chronic heroin toxicity (Fig. 1, Tab. 4, Ref. 35). Full Text (Free, PDF) www.bmj.sk.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antioxidants / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Heroin Dependence / metabolism*
  • Heroin Dependence / rehabilitation
  • Homeostasis*
  • Humans
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Male
  • Naltrexone / therapeutic use
  • Narcotic Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism*

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Narcotic Antagonists
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Naltrexone