Dose reduction during CT fluoroscopy: phantom study of angular beam modulation

Radiology. 2008 Feb;246(2):519-25. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2462061968.


Purpose: To prospectively evaluate, in a phantom, the dose reductions achievable by using angular beam modulation (ABM) during computed tomographic (CT) fluoroscopy-guided thoracic interventions.

Materials and methods: To enable measurement of organ doses and effective patient dose, a female Alderson-Rando phantom was equipped with thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) in 41 positions, with three TLDs in each position. Additionally, the local dose was assessed in 22 locations above the phantom to estimate the radiation exposure to the radiologist's hand and the patient's skin dose during thoracic interventions. Radiation exposure was performed with a 64-section multidetector CT scanner in the CT fluoroscopy mode, simulating a CT fluoroscopy-guided chest intervention. Effective dose, breast dose, and the dose to the radiologist's hand during the simulated chest intervention were measured with and without ABM. Image noise as an indicator for image quality was compared for both settings. Statistical significance of the measured dose reductions and the image noise was tested by using the paired-samples t test, with P < .05 indicating a significant difference.

Results: ABM significantly reduced the effective patient dose by 35%, the skin dose by 75%, the breast dose by 47% (P < .001 for all), and the physician's hand dose by between 27% (scattered radiation, P = .007) and 72% (direct radiation, P < .001). No significant difference was found in a comparison of the image noise with and that without ABM.

Conclusion: ABM leads to significant dose reductions for both patients and personnel during CT fluoroscopy-guided thoracic interventions, without impairing image quality.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Burden*
  • Female
  • Fluoroscopy / instrumentation
  • Fluoroscopy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiography, Interventional / instrumentation
  • Radiography, Interventional / methods*
  • Radiography, Thoracic / instrumentation
  • Radiography, Thoracic / methods*
  • Radiometry / methods*
  • Relative Biological Effectiveness
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / instrumentation
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*