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, 22 Suppl, 275-8

The Treatment of Neurocysticercosis With Praziquantel

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  • PMID: 1822905

The Treatment of Neurocysticercosis With Praziquantel

S Vanijanonta et al. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health.

Abstract

Twenty-five patients with cerebral cysticercosis admitted to the Bangkok Hospital for Tropical Diseases from March 1987 to November 1989 were studied. The patients had a mean age of 41 +/- 5 years with a mean body weight of 57 +/- 4 kgs. Male to female ratio was 1.5:1. Eight patients (32%) gave a history of having taeniasis with a mean duration of 3.6 years before having symptoms of cerebral cysticercosis. Six patients (24%) also had subcutaneous cysticercosis with a duration of 20 +/- 8 months. The important clinical symptoms were headache, focal seizure, epilepsy and dementia. Fourteen patients (56%) had headache, 12 patients (48%) had focal seizure and four patients (16%) had a mild degree of dementia. Baseline study included routine blood examination, biochemical tests, cerebrospinal fluid for routine examinations and immunological study. Biopsy of subcutaneous cysts, plain films of soft tissue and computerized tomography of brain. Praziquantel was given orally at a dosage of 45 mg/kg/day in 3 divided doses at 4-5 hour interval for 15 days. Patients who were taking anti-epileptic drugs before were permitted to continue their medications. The evaluation of results of treatment was done a year post treatment, ten patients (40%) were asymptomatic, 12 patients (48%) had much clinical improvement, their epileptic attack was controlled by 1-2 tablets of phenobarbital (1/2 g) at bedtime. Two patients (8%) had mild headache. One patient (4%) was not improved. Those patients with dementia were not improved.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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