The ANALYZE software system, which permits detailed investigation and evaluation of 3-D biomedical images, is discussed. ANALYZE can be used with 3-D imaging modalities based on X-ray computed tomography, radionuclide emission tomography, ultrasound tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. The package is unique in its synergistic integration of fully interactive modules for direct display, manipulation, and measurement of multidimensional image data. One of the most versatile and powerful capabilities in ANALYZE is image volume rendering for 3-D display. An important advantage of this technique is that it can be used to display 3-D images directly from the original data set and to provide on-the-fly combinations of selected image transformations, such as surface segmentation, cutting planes, transparency, and/or volume set operations (union, intersection, difference, etc.). The module has been optimized to be fast (interactive) without compromising image quality. The software is written entirely in C and runs on standard UNIX workstations.