Background: Aspiration pneumonia (AP) and primary lung abscess (PLA), are diseases following aspiration of infectious material from the oropharynx or stomach. An antibiotic therapy, also covering anaerobic pathogens, is the treatment of choice. In this study we compared moxifloxacin (MXF) and ampicillin/sulbactam (AMP/SUL) concerning efficacy and safety in the treatment of AP and PLA.
Methods: Patients with pulmonary infections following aspiration were included in a prospective, open-label, randomized, multicenter trial. Sequential antibiotic therapy with MXF or AMP/SUL was administered until complete radiologic and clinical resolution.
Results: A total of 139 patients with AP and PLA were included, 96 were evaluable for efficacy (EE, 48 patients in each treatment group). The overall clinical response rates in both groups were numerically identical (66.7%). MXF and AMP/SUL were both well tolerated, even after long-term administration [median duration of treatment (range) in days MXF versus AMP/SUL: AP 11 (4-45) vs 9 (3-25), PLA 30.5 (7-158) vs 35 (6-90)].
Conclusion: In the treatment of aspiration-associated pulmonary infections moxifloxacin appears to be clinically as effective and as safe as ampicillin/sulbactam; but, however, having the additional benefit of a more convenient (400 mg qd) treatment.