Pressure sores and hip fractures

Injury. 2008 Feb;39(2):219-23. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2007.08.030. Epub 2008 Jan 29.

Abstract

Development of pressure sores during hospital admission causes morbidity and distress to the patient, increases strain on nursing resources, delaying discharge and possibly increasing mortality. A hip fracture in elderly patients is a known high-risk factor for development of pressure sores. We aimed to determine the current incidence of pressure sores and identify those factors which were associated with an increased risk of pressure sores. We retrospectively analysed prospectively collected data of 4654 consecutive patients admitted to a single unit. One hundred and seventy-eight (3.8%) of our patients developed pressure sores. Patient factors that increased the risk of pressure sores were increased age, diabetes mellitus, a lower mental test score, a lower mobility score, a higher ASA score, lower admission haemoglobin and an intra-operative drop in blood pressure. The risk was higher in patients with an extracapsular neck of femur fracture and patients with an increased time interval between admission to hospital and surgery. Our studies indicate that while co-morbidities constitute a substantial risk in an elderly population, the increase in incidence of pressure sores can be reduced by minimising delays to surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bone Screws
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Female
  • Hip Fractures / complications*
  • Hip Fractures / surgery
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pressure Ulcer / economics
  • Pressure Ulcer / epidemiology*
  • Pressure Ulcer / etiology
  • Time Factors
  • United Kingdom / epidemiology