Over expression of a cytochrome P450 (CYP6P9) in a major African malaria vector, Anopheles Funestus, resistant to pyrethroids

Insect Mol Biol. 2008 Feb;17(1):19-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2583.2008.00776.x.


Anopheles funestus Giles is one of the major African malaria vectors. It has previously been implicated in a major outbreak of malaria in KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa, during the period 1996 to 2000. The re-emergence of this vector was associated with monooxygenase-based resistance to pyrethroid insecticides. We have identified a gene from the monooxygenase CYP6 family, CYP6P9, which is over expressed in a pyrethroid resistant strain originating from Mozambique. Quantitative Real-Time PCR shows that this gene is highly over expressed in the egg and adult stages of the resistant strain relative to the susceptible strain but the larval stages showed almost no difference in expression between strains. This gene is genetically linked to a major locus associated with pyrethroid resistance in this A. funestus population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Africa South of the Sahara
  • Animals
  • Anopheles / enzymology*
  • Anopheles / genetics
  • Anopheles / growth & development
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / biosynthesis*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics
  • Female
  • Insect Vectors / enzymology*
  • Insect Vectors / genetics
  • Insect Vectors / growth & development
  • Insecticide Resistance*
  • Insecticides
  • Isoenzymes
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Permethrin
  • Pyrethrins*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • Insecticides
  • Isoenzymes
  • Pyrethrins
  • Permethrin
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System

Associated data

  • GENBANK/DQ324779
  • GENBANK/EF152577