Dialogue processing: Automatic alignment or controlled understanding?

Behav Brain Sci. 2004 Apr;27(2):210-211. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X04430052.

Abstract

Pickering & Garrod's (P&G's) mechanistic account of dialogue assumes that linguistic alignment between interlocutors takes place automatically, without using cognitive resources. However, even the most basic processes of speech perception depend on resource use. The lack of invariant mapping between input patterns and interpretations in dialogue, as in speech perception, may require controlled, rather than automatic, processing.