Objective: Intensive lifestyle interventions have established efficacy, but translation to real-world settings has not been well demonstrated. Using the diffusion of innovations model, we describe the adoption of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) Lifestyle Intervention into a hospital-based program and report feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes.
Design: Patients (N = 118; 72% female, mean age = 48.8, mean baseline body mass index = 43.3) were enrolled into 16 weeks of DPP.
Main outcome measure: Weight loss (kg) was measured at baseline and after treatment.
Results: Mean weight loss after 16 weeks was 5.57 kg (SD = 4.6) or 4.6% of baseline weight, and 30% met the 7% weight loss goal. Outcomes are compared with those reported in the DPP trial. Most participants (90.4%) were satisfied with the service; however, only 56% were satisfied with their weight loss.
Conclusion: The DPP was successfully translated into a real-world clinic with some protocol modifications. Weight loss was modest among heavier patients with more comorbidities than the original DPP sample. Diffusion of innovations theory provides a useful framework for adopting evidence-based programs in the clinical setting.
(Copyright) 2008 APA.