Maternal mortality and unsafe abortion

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2008 Jun;22(3):533-48. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2007.10.006. Epub 2008 Feb 4.


Unsafe abortions refer to terminations of unintended pregnancies by persons lacking the necessary skills, or in an environment lacking the minimum medical standards, or both. Globally, unsafe abortions account for 67,900 maternal deaths annually (13% of total maternal mortality) and contribute to significant morbidity among women, especially in under-resourced settings. The determinants of unsafe abortion include restrictive abortion legislation, lack of female empowerment, poor social support, inadequate contraceptive services and poor health-service infrastructure. Deaths from unsafe abortion are preventable by addressing the above determinants and by the provision of safe, accessible abortion care. This includes safe medical or surgical methods for termination of pregnancy and management of incomplete abortion by skilled personnel. The service must also include provision of emergency medical or surgical care in women with severe abortion complications. Developing appropriate services at the primary level of care with a functioning referral system and the inclusion of post abortion contraceptive care with counseling are essential facets of abortion care.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Induced / adverse effects
  • Abortion, Induced / mortality*
  • Abortion, Legal / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Abortion, Legal / mortality
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Contraception
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Maternal Health Services / standards
  • Maternal Health Services / supply & distribution
  • Maternal Mortality
  • Middle Aged
  • Obstetric Labor Complications / mortality
  • Obstetric Labor Complications / prevention & control
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Trimester, First
  • Pregnancy Trimester, Second
  • Pregnancy, Unplanned
  • Pregnancy, Unwanted
  • Sepsis / mortality
  • Sepsis / prevention & control
  • Sex Education