Vascular dementia

Top Stroke Rehabil. 2008 Jan-Feb;15(1):22-6. doi: 10.1310/tsr1501-22.


Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer's dementia (AD). It is characterized by loss of executive function with milder memory loss as compared with AD and is associated with cerebral brain infarction or hemorrhage. Treatment is predominantly focused on cardiovascular risk factor reduction, but anticholinesterase inhibitors and memantine may play a role. The data is most robust for donepezil.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Dementia, Multi-Infarct / diagnosis
  • Dementia, Multi-Infarct / psychology
  • Dementia, Vascular / diagnosis
  • Dementia, Vascular / epidemiology
  • Dementia, Vascular / psychology*
  • Dementia, Vascular / rehabilitation
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Risk Factors


  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors