Structure-function analyses of single nucleotide polymorphisms in human N-acetyltransferase 1

Drug Metab Rev. 2008;40(1):169-84. doi: 10.1080/03602530701852917.


Human N-acetyltransferase 1 (NAT1) alleles are characterized by one or more single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with rapid and slow acetylation phenotypes. NAT1 both activates and deactivates arylamine drugs and carcinogens, and NAT1 polymorphisms are associated with increased frequencies of many cancers and birth defects. The recently resolved human NAT1 crystal structure was used to evaluate SNPs resulting in the protein substitutions R64W, V149I, R187Q, M205V, S214A, D251V, E261K, and I263V. The analysis enhances knowledge of NAT1 structure-function relationships, important for understanding associations of NAT1 SNPs with genetic predisposition to cancer, birth defects, and other diseases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase* / chemistry
  • Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase* / genetics
  • Congenital Abnormalities / enzymology
  • Congenital Abnormalities / genetics
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes* / chemistry
  • Isoenzymes* / genetics
  • Models, Molecular
  • Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Neoplasms / genetics
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Protein Conformation


  • Isoenzymes
  • Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase
  • N-acetyltransferase 1