This unit describes methods for recovering and purifying DNA restriction fragments from agarose gels. The first protocol describes electroelution of the fragment of interest from standard agarose gels using buffer-filled dialysis bags, followed by concentration and purification using an Elutip column. This approach can be used effectively for fragments of all sizes from 50 to 20,000 bp. Electrophoresis directly onto NA-45 paper (second protocol) provides relatively high yields for fragments <2000 bp. Fragments >1000 bp can also be separated on low gelling/melting agarose gels and purified by phenol extraction (third protocol), b-agarase digestion of the gel (first alternate protocol), or via glass beads extraction (second alternate protocol). Removing linkers from a fragment using a column rather than a gel is described, followed by a method for estimating DNA concentrations in solution.