Brucella control of dendritic cell maturation is dependent on the TIR-containing protein Btp1

PLoS Pathog. 2008 Feb 8;4(2):e21. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.0040021.


Brucella is an intracellular pathogen able to persist for long periods of time within the host and establish a chronic disease. We show that soon after Brucella inoculation in intestinal loops, dendritic cells from ileal Peyer's patches become infected and constitute a cell target for this pathogen. In vitro, we found that Brucella replicates within dendritic cells and hinders their functional activation. In addition, we identified a new Brucella protein Btp1, which down-modulates maturation of infected dendritic cells by interfering with the TLR2 signaling pathway. These results show that intracellular Brucella is able to control dendritic cell function, which may have important consequences in the development of chronic brucellosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brucella abortus / growth & development
  • Brucella abortus / immunology
  • Brucella abortus / pathogenicity*
  • Brucellosis / immunology
  • Brucellosis / microbiology*
  • Brucellosis / pathology
  • Cell Survival
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology
  • Dendritic Cells / metabolism
  • Dendritic Cells / microbiology*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Down-Regulation
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions*
  • Ileum / microbiology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Peyer's Patches / microbiology
  • Toll-Like Receptor 2 / metabolism*


  • Cytokines
  • TLR2 protein, human
  • Toll-Like Receptor 2