Specific herpes simplex virus-induced incorporation of 5-iodo-5'-amino-2',5'-dideoxyuridine into deoxyribonucleic acid

J Biol Chem. 1976 Aug 25;251(16):4833-8.


5-Iodo-5'-amino-2',5'-dideoxyuridine (AIdUrd) is a novel thymidine analog which inhibits herpes simplex virus, type 1 (HS-1 virus) replication in the absence of detectable host toxicity. When murine, simian, or human cells in culture are treated with [125I]AIdUrd for up to 24 hours essentially none of the nucleoside becomes cell-associated. In contrast, upon HS-1 virus infection significant radiolabel is detected in both nucleotide pools and in DNA. The major acid-soluble metabolite has been shown by enzymic and chromatographic analysis to be the 5'-triphosphate of AIdUrd. DNA from HS-1 virus-infected Vero cells labeled with [14C]thymidine, 5-[125I]iodo-2'-deoxyuridine (IdUrd), or [125I]AIdUrd was isolated by buoyant density centrifugation and subjected to digestion by pancreatic DNase I, spleen DNase II, micrococcal nuclease, spleen, and venom phosphodiesterases. Analysis of the digestion products clearly indicate that AIdUrd is incorporated internally into the DNA structure. DNA containing AIdUrd therefore contains phosphoramidate (P-N) bonds, known to be extremely acid-labile. The selective HS-1 virus-induced phosphorylation of AIdUrd and its subsequent incorporation into DNA may account for the unique biological activity of the AIdUrd nucleoside.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • DNA Replication / drug effects*
  • DNA, Viral / biosynthesis*
  • Idoxuridine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Idoxuridine / metabolism
  • Idoxuridine / pharmacology
  • Simplexvirus / drug effects
  • Simplexvirus / metabolism*
  • Thymidine / pharmacology
  • Virus Replication / drug effects


  • DNA, Viral
  • 5'-amino-5-iodo-2',5'-dideoxyuridine
  • Idoxuridine
  • Thymidine