Neurogenic bladder: etiology and assessment

Pediatr Nephrol. 2008 Apr;23(4):541-51. doi: 10.1007/s00467-008-0764-7. Epub 2008 Feb 13.


A review of the various causes of neurologic impairment to the lower urinary tract in children was the aim of this presentation. The emphasis was on diagnosis, pathophysiology, and treatment that strive to maintain as normal a function as possible in order to achieve eventual urinary continence and health of the upper urinary tract. The latest principles based on the most up to date evidence are promulgated but with an eye towards historical prospective. The reader should gain an adequate understanding of various disorders that comprise this condition and feel comfortable with proposing options for management when faced with the responsibility of caring for an affected child.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Meningomyelocele / complications
  • Meningomyelocele / physiopathology
  • Neural Tube Defects / complications*
  • Neural Tube Defects / physiopathology
  • Pediatrics / education*
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / complications
  • Urinary Bladder / innervation*
  • Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic / diagnosis*
  • Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic / etiology*
  • Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic / physiopathology
  • Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic / therapy
  • Urodynamics / physiology