Hormonal, electrolyte, and renal responses to exercise are intensity dependent

J Appl Physiol (1985). 1991 Feb;70(2):900-6. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1991.70.2.900.


Previous work indicates that the magnitude and direction of renal responses to exercise depend on the exercise intensity. To examine mechanisms responsible for these findings, renal and hormonal responses were studied in eight healthy male subjects (29.6 +/- 1.9 yr) before and immediately after four 20-min bouts of submaximal exercise (cycle ergometry) at work loads representing 25, 40, 60, and 80% of maximal oxygen consumption. Urine flow, osmotic clearance, glomerular filtration rate, and sodium excretion (UNa+V) all tended to rise at the 25% work load but were markedly reduced at the higher work intensities. Changes in urine flow paralleled changes in glomerular filtration rate (r = 0.91). Plasma vasopressin (ADH), aldosterone, and plasma renin activity tended to increase progressively with increases in work load, with the increases for all hormones reaching statistical significance when the level of exercise reached greater than or equal to 60% of maximal oxygen consumption. However, atrial natriuretic peptide was elevated (P less than 0.05) at all work loads from greater than 1.6-fold of control levels at the 25% work load to greater than 7-fold at the 80% work load. The increase in urine flow (6 of 8 subjects) and UNa+V (7 of 8 subjects) may be due to the increase in atrial natriuretic peptide and/or a 10% suppression (P less than 0.05) of ADH at the 25% work load.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor / blood
  • Electrolytes / metabolism
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate / physiology
  • Hemodynamics / physiology
  • Hormones / blood*
  • Humans
  • Kidney / physiology*
  • Male
  • Vasopressins / blood


  • Electrolytes
  • Hormones
  • Vasopressins
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor