The MUTYH gene encodes a DNA glycosylase that can initiate the base excision repair pathway and prevent G:C > T:A transversion by excising adenine mispaired with 8-hydroxyguanine. Biallelic germline mutations of MUTYH have been shown to predict familial and sporadic multiple colorectal adenomas and carcinomas, however, whether there is an association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of MUTYH and sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) risk has remained unclear. In this study we investigated four MUTYH SNPs, IVS1+11C > T, IVS6+35G > A, IVS10-2A > G, and 972G > C (Gln324His), for an association with increased CRC risk in a population-based series of 685 CRC patients and 778 control subjects from Kyushu, Japan. A statistically significant association was demonstrated between IVS1+11T and increased CRC risk (odds ratio [OR]: 1.43; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.012-2.030; P = 0.042) and one of the five haplotypes based on the four SNPs, the IVS1+11T - IVS6+35G - IVS10-2A - 972C (TGAC) haplotype containing IVS1+11T, was demonstrated to be associated with increased CRC risk (OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.005-2.029; P = 0.046). Subsite-specific analysis showed that the TGAC haplotype was statistically significantly (P = 0.013) associated with an increased risk of distal colon, but not proximal colon or rectal cancer. Furthermore, IVS1+11C > T was found to be in complete linkage disequilibrium with -280G > A and 1389G > C (Thr463Thr). The results indicated that Japanese individuals with - 280A/IVS1+11T/1389C genotypes or the TGAC haplotype are susceptible to CRC.