MRSA and the environment: implications for comprehensive control measures

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2008 Jul;27(7):481-93. doi: 10.1007/s10096-008-0471-0. Epub 2008 Feb 14.


Environmental contamination with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is established soon after colonized or infected patients become resident. There are many studies that detail the mechanisms of spread and environmental survival of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA); this knowledge translates directly into the same findings for MRSA. The potential ubiquity of MRSA in a health-care setting poses challenges for decontamination. Whereas patients and medical staff are important sources for MRSA spread, the environmental burden may contribute significantly in various contexts. Effective control measures must therefore include consideration for MRSA in the environment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cross Infection / prevention & control
  • Environmental Microbiology*
  • Health Facilities*
  • Humans
  • Infection Control / methods
  • Methicillin Resistance*
  • Staphylococcus aureus / drug effects*
  • Staphylococcus aureus / isolation & purification