The impact of glycaemic control on outcomes in patients with end-stage renal disease and type 2 diabetes

Nephrology (Carlton). 2008 Apr;13(2):124-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2007.00901.x.

Abstract

In Australia and New Zealand the prevalence and incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has increased. In Australia alone the financial burden is estimated to reach $500 million by 2007 (data from the National Chronic Kidney Disease Strategy Workshop Report 2005). The leading cause of ESRD in Australia and New Zealand, and throughout the developed world, is type 2 diabetes, having overtaken glomerulonephritis in 2004.(1) To date, management of patients with diabetes and ESRD has been, according to guidelines, given for patients without ESRD. This commentary raises three important emerging concerns in the clinical care of these patients: (i) the lack of reliable tools to measure glycaemic control; (ii) limitations of the current data set supporting a relationship between outcome and glycaemic control in ESRD; and (iii) lack of studies examining the effect of intensive diabetes care and glucose control in patients with ESRD.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / mortality
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / therapy*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / blood
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / mortality
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy*
  • New Zealand / epidemiology
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Prevalence
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • hemoglobin A1c protein, human