[Evaluation of immunoglobulin G concentration in colostrum of mares by ELISA, refractometry and colostrometry]

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. Jan-Feb 2008;121(1-2):66-72.
[Article in German]

Abstract

In 360 samples of colostrum and 36 samples of blood of warmblood mares, the concentration of immunoglobulin G (IgG) was evaluated in the post partal period with an ELISA and the results were compared to values obtained with 2 field methods--refractometry and colostrometry. A significant correlation (p < 0.0001) was determined between ELISA and colostrometry (r = +0.88) and between ELISA and refractometry (r = +0.93). So both field-methods seem suitable for evaluation of the colostral IgG-concentration in mares. Further the kinetic of the IgG concentration in colostrum, the volume of colostrum and the total amount of IgG was measured in the 12 hours post partum (p.p.) in each half udder of 36 mares of different parity. Immediately p.p. primiparous mares have a greater mean concentration of IgG (68 mg/ml) than multiparous mares (51 mg/ml). However, multiparous mares have a mean colostral volume of 1020 ml whereas, in primiparous mares, a mean volume of 527 ml was determined within the first three hours p.p. As a result of this the total amount of IgG was lower in primiparous (31.5 g) than in multiparous mares (48.5 g). A significant decrease of IgG concentration was measured in multiparous mares in the 1.5 hours following partum versus 3 hours in primiparous mares. The mean IgG concentration in the blood serum of the 36 mares immediately p.p. was 13.4 +/- 3.6 mg/ml. No significant correlation was observed between values of IgG concentration in the blood and in the colostrum of the mares.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Colostrum / chemistry*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / veterinary*
  • Female
  • Horses / physiology*
  • Immunoglobulin G / analysis*
  • Immunoglobulin G / metabolism
  • Parity / physiology
  • Postpartum Period / physiology
  • Pregnancy
  • Refractometry / veterinary*
  • Regression Analysis

Substances

  • Immunoglobulin G