Veinlite transillumination in the pediatric emergency department: a therapeutic interventional trial

Pediatr Emerg Care. 2008 Feb;24(2):83-8. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e318163db5f.


Objectives: We hypothesized that transillumination would increase peripheral intravenous (IV) insertion success rates in pediatric emergency department patients. Primary outcome was success in first attempt, and secondary outcome was success within 2 attempts.

Methods: We evaluated IV insertion by pediatric emergency department physicians and nurses using the Veinlite (TransLite, Sugar Land, Tex). Patients who required nonemergent IV insertion were enrolled if younger than 3 years or aged 3 to 21 years with a history of difficult access. Participants were randomly assigned to transillumination or nontransillumination. Analyses were performed using a mixed-effects logistic regression model adjusting for provider effect.

Results: We evaluated 240 patients. After adjusting for significant covariates (safety catheter [P = 0.008], visibility [P = 0.01], and palpability [P = 0.03]) and controlling for provider effect, IV placement was more likely successful in first attempt in transilluminated patients (P = 0.03; odds ratio, 2.1 [95% confidence interval, 1.1-3.9]). After adjusting for significant covariates (safety catheter [P < 0.001], location [P = 0.005], and palpability [P = 0.05]) and controlling for provider effect, IV placement was more likely successful within 2 attempts in transilluminated patients (P = 0.01; odds ratio, 3.5 [95% confidence interval, 1.4-8.9]). Intracluster correlation for random effect of provider was 10% in first attempt and 16% within 2 attempts.

Conclusions: After adjusting for multiple significant covariates and controlling for random effect of provider, our results indicated a benefit in the use of Veinlite transillumination for IV insertion in first attempt and within 2 attempts. This technique seemed to facilitate nonemergent IV placement in pediatric patients compared with standard practice.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Female
  • Fiber Optic Technology*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infusions, Intravenous / instrumentation*
  • Infusions, Intravenous / statistics & numerical data
  • Lighting*
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies