The mammalian central nervous system is populated with various types of neurons and glia. To investigate the functions and development of individual cells requires gene-expression analysis at the single-cell level. Here, we developed a microarray-based method for the gene-expression profiling of single cells and tested it for GABAergic neuron progenitors. Single GABAergic neuron progenitors were collected from the neocortex of GAD67-GFP knock-in mice by dissociation followed by the aspiration of GFP-positive cells. Complementary DNA from the single cells was amplified by a method in which Super SMART PCR and T7 RNA polymerase amplification were combined at a optimized condition. The cRNA was subjected to microarray hybridization and analysis, which yielded reliable and reproducible results.