Location of P-II and AlPCS4 in human tumor LOX in vitro and in vivo by means of computer-enhanced video fluorescence microscopy

Cancer Lett. 1991 Jun 14;58(1-2):37-47. doi: 10.1016/0304-3835(91)90021-9.


The patterns of in vitro intracellular and in vivo intratumoral localization of Photofrin II (P-II) and aluminum phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate (AlPCS4) in human melanoma LOX were studied by means of computer-enhanced video fluorescence microscopy (CEVFM). The hydrophobic drug P-II localized diffusely in the perinuclear fraction of the cytoplasm of the LOX cells cultivated in vitro. Light exposure did not result in any observable change in the localization pattern. The hydrophilic dye AlPCS4 was distributed as granular and grain patterns in the cytoplasm before light exposure, in exactly the same pattern as that of acridine orange incubated in the same cells, which is known to emit red fluorescence from lysosomes, thus indicating that AlPCS4 was also primarily localized in the lysosomes of the LOX cells. After light exposure the distribution of the intracellular AlPCS4 fluorescence was altered and the intensity increased. In vivo, P-II had a combined cellular localization pattern (i.e. a strongly cytoplasmic membrane-localizing pattern and a weakly intracellular distribution pattern) and an extracellular distribution pattern in the tumor tissue, while the AlPCS4 fluorescence was seen mainly in the stroma of the tumor. The total fluorescence intensity of P-II and AlPCS4 in the LOX tumor tissue at different times after injection was quantitatively determined by means of CEVFM.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Computers
  • Cytoplasm / metabolism
  • Dihematoporphyrin Ether
  • Female
  • Hematoporphyrins / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Indoles / analysis*
  • Lysosomes / metabolism
  • Melanoma / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence / methods*
  • Organometallic Compounds / analysis*
  • Photochemotherapy / methods
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Video Recording


  • Hematoporphyrins
  • Indoles
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • aluminum tetrasulfophthalocyanine
  • Dihematoporphyrin Ether