Hyaluronic acid (HA; synonyms--Hyaluronan, Hyaluronate) is a glycosaminoglycan found in the connective tissue of vertebrates. It is the most abundant glycosaminoglycan of higher molecular weight in the extracellular matrix of soft periodontal tissues. The use of HA in the treatment of inflammatory process is established in medical areas such as orthopedics, dermatology and ophthalmology. In the field of dentistry, it has shown anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effects in gingivitis and periodontitis therapy. Due to its tissue healing properties, it could be used as an adjunct to mechanical therapy in the treatment of periodontitis.