Background: Direct pancreatic function tests (PFT) are conventionally performed with use of double-lumen "Dreiling" collection tubes. We have developed an endoscopic collection method (ePFT) that eases the performance of these tests.
Objective: Our aim was to compare the bicarbonate results obtained from the secretin ePFT and Dreiling PFT methods in patients evaluated for chronic pancreatitis.
Design: A prospective crossover design was used to compare the PFT methods.
Setting: Tertiary care referral center.
Patients and interventions: Twenty-four patients undergoing an evaluation for chronic pancreatitis underwent the secretin-stimulated ePFT and Dreiling PFT methods on separate days.
Main outcome measurements: Duodenal fluid bicarbonate concentrations and estimated bicarbonate outputs were compared.
Results: The mean difference in peak bicarbonate concentration (Dreiling PFT minus ePFT) was 7 mEq/L (SD 20) and not statistically significant (P = .11). A good correlation in peak bicarbonate concentrations (r = 0.74, 95% CI, 0.48-0.88) and estimated bicarbonate output (r = 0.78, 95% CI, 0.54-0.90) was observed between the two PFT methods.
Limitation: The sensitivities and specificities of the secretin ePFT and Dreiling PFT could not be compared because of the lack of a histologic gold standard.
Conclusion: The secretin ePFT yields results similar to those of the Dreiling PFT in patients evaluated for chronic pancreatitis.