Separation efficiencies in hydrophilic interaction chromatography

J Chromatogr A. 2008 Mar 14;1184(1-2):474-503. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2008.01.075. Epub 2008 Feb 3.


Hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) is important for the separation of highly polar substances including biologically active compounds, such as pharmaceutical drugs, neurotransmitters, nucleosides, nucleotides, amino acids, peptides, proteins, oligosaccharides, carbohydrates, etc. In the HILIC mode separation, aqueous organic solvents are used as mobile phases on more polar stationary phases that consist of bare silica, and silica phases modified with amino, amide, zwitterionic functional group, polyols including saccharides and other polar groups. This review discusses the column efficiency of HILIC materials in relation to solute and stationary phase structures, as well as comparisons between particle-packed and monolithic columns. In addition, a literature review consisting of 2006-2007 data is included, as a follow up to the excellent review by Hemström and Irgum.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acetates / isolation & purification
  • Chromatography, Liquid / instrumentation
  • Chromatography, Liquid / methods*
  • Flavonols / isolation & purification
  • Oligosaccharides / isolation & purification
  • Purines / isolation & purification
  • Pyrimidines / isolation & purification
  • Silicon Dioxide / chemistry
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
  • Temperature
  • Tetracyclines / isolation & purification


  • Acetates
  • Flavonols
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Purines
  • Pyrimidines
  • Tetracyclines
  • Silicon Dioxide