Stomaplasty--anterior Advancement Flap and Lateral Splaying of Trachea, a Simple and Effective Technique

J Postgrad Med. Jan-Mar 2008;54(1):21-4. doi: 10.4103/0022-3859.39185.

Abstract

Background: Stomal stenosis after laryngectomy is a common and distressing complication. Once sets in, it is generally progressive, causes problems and needs active intervention.

Aim: To evaluate effectiveness of new simple method of stomaplasty in solving troublesome complication of stoma stenosis.

Settings and design: Charts of eight patients who underwent modified stomaplasty and completed 1 year were reviewed.

Materials and methods: A modified anterior advancement flap and lateral splaying of trachea for stoma plasty are described. This involves excision of scar tissue of the anterior two-third of trachea and interposition of the defect with an inferiorly based triangular skin flap. The tracheo-esophageal-prosthesis (TEP) site is left untouched.

Statistical analysis: Outcome were measured in relation with need for further stenting or any other revision procedure required and ability to use TEP for speech production.

Results: Eight patients underwent stoma revision surgery. Median preprocedure stoma diameter was 10 mm vertically (range 8-12 mm) and 6 mm horizontally (range 5-10 mm). This could be improved to 25 mm (range 22-30 mm) vertically and 16 mm (range 14-20 mm) horizontally after stoma revision. At 1-year follow-up, the median measurements were 20 mm (range 16-26) vertically and 14 mm (range 12-18) horizontally. Postprocedure, one patient required intermittent stenting at nighttime. All patients could use the TEP effectively. One patient who underwent salvage laryngectomy following chemoradiotherapy developed flap dehiscence.

Conclusions: This is a simple and effective technique for stomaplasty. All patients treated with this technique had adequately large stoma for breathing and use of TEP.

MeSH terms

  • Constriction, Pathologic / complications
  • Constriction, Pathologic / surgery
  • Humans
  • Laryngectomy / adverse effects*
  • Laryngectomy / methods
  • Reoperation
  • Surgical Flaps
  • Surgical Stomas / pathology*
  • Tracheal Stenosis / etiology
  • Tracheal Stenosis / pathology
  • Tracheal Stenosis / surgery*
  • Tracheostomy / adverse effects*
  • Treatment Outcome