The effect of plate position and size on tibial slope in high tibial osteotomy: a cadaveric study

J Knee Surg. 2008 Jan;21(1):75-9. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1247798.


Opening wedge high tibial osteotomies are performed for degenerative changes and varus. Opening wedge osteotomies can change proximal tibial slope in the sagittal plane, possibly imparting stability in the ACL-deficient knee. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of plate position and size on change in tibial slope. Eight cadaveric knees underwent opening wedge high tibial osteotomy with Puddu plates of each different size. Plates were placed anterior, central, and posterior for each size used. Lateral radiographs were obtained. Tibial slope was measured and compared with baseline slope. Tibial slope was affected by plate position (P < 0.05) and size (P < 0.001). Smaller, posterior plates had less effect on tibial slope. However, anterior and central plates increased tibial slope over all plate sizes (P < 0.05). This study found that tibial slope increases with opening wedge high tibial osteotomy. Larger corrections and anterior placement of the plate are associated with larger increases in slope.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bone Plates
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteotomy / instrumentation*
  • Osteotomy / methods*
  • Tibia / surgery*