Genetic predisposition to Parkinson's disease: CYP2D6 and HFE in the Faroe Islands

Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2008 Mar;18(3):209-12. doi: 10.1097/FPC.0b013e3282f5106e.


Objective: To investigate whether the genetic variants of CYP2D6 and HFE are more frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients compared with controls in a population where the prevalence of these variants and PD are increased.

Methods: Blood samples were collected from 79 PD patients and 154 controls in the Faroe Islands. Genotyping for the 'CYP2D6*3, *4, *6 and *9' alleles and for the C282Y and H63D mutations were performed by real-time polymerase chain reaction before Taqman assessment.

Results: The frequency of CYP2D6 poor metabolizers among the patients was not higher compared with the frequency found in the control group (chi2 test, P=0.86). The odds ratio was 0.92 (95% confidence interval: 0.44-1.90). Neither was a difference in HFE genotype or allele frequencies found between the patients and the controls, and the C282Y and H63D mutation carrier frequencies did not reveal any difference (chi2 test, P=0.50 and 0.60, respectively).

Conclusion: This study does not support an association between PD and mutations of the CYP2D6 and HFE genes, although a weak association cannot be excluded. The high frequency of PD in the Faroes is most likely the result of interactions between multiple genetic and environmental factors, still to be identified.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alleles
  • Base Sequence
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6 / genetics*
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • Denmark
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genotype
  • Hemochromatosis Protein
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Middle Aged
  • Parkinson Disease / genetics*
  • Pharmacogenetics


  • DNA Primers
  • HFE protein, human
  • Hemochromatosis Protein
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6