[Congestive heart failure is a common disease with complex inheritance--new perspectives through genome wide association studies]

Internist (Berl). 2008 Apr;49(4):405-10, 412. doi: 10.1007/s00108-008-2051-x.
[Article in German]


Congestive heart failure can be defined as a complex syndrome comprising the end stage of multiple cardiovascular disorders. Genetics of congestive heart failure focused thus far mainly on rare familiar forms of hypertrophic or dilated cardiomyopathy. These are often caused by rare and deleterious mutations showing Mendelian inheritance conferred by genes encoding largely for structural proteins of the myocardium. However, from an epidemiological point of view, these rare familial forms play a minor role in the overall population. By far the most cases of congestive heart failure show a complex inheritance and phenotype. This review article will focus on congestive heart failure as a complex trait and will discuss the impact of new technology (genome wide association studies) on the elucidation of common genetic risk factors for congestive heart failure.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / complications
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / genetics
  • Coronary Disease / genetics
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / genetics
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics*
  • Heart Failure / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Phenotype
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics
  • Renin-Angiotensin System / genetics
  • Risk Factors