[HIV, AIDS and the cardiovascular risk]

Internist (Berl). 2008 Apr;49(4):429-30, 432-5. doi: 10.1007/s00108-008-2049-4.
[Article in German]


The infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is not only associated with a dysfunction of the immune system. Other organs are often affected in patients with HIV-infection, as well. In particular, an increased cardiovascular risk profile leads to an increasing rate of morbidity and mortality due to cardiac disorders, including heart failure and HIV-associated cardiomyopathy in this patient population. However, not only classic risk factors such as smoking, hypertension or dysregulation of lipid and glucose metabolisms are the reasons of HIV-associated myocardial dysfunction. Especially these subjects are also prone to opportunistic infections, side effects of antiretroviral therapy or the HI-virus itself.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / complications
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / mortality
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications*
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / drug therapy
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / mortality
  • Anti-HIV Agents / adverse effects
  • Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cardiomyopathies / etiology
  • Cardiomyopathies / mortality
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy
  • HIV Infections / mortality
  • Heart Failure / etiology
  • Heart Failure / mortality
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Rate


  • Anti-HIV Agents