The effects on the expression of a conditioned place preference of bilateral, excitotoxic amino acid-induced lesions of the basolateral region of the amygdala, or the ventral striatum, or asymmetric, unilateral lesions of both structures were studied. The place preference was conditioned by exposing hungry rats to sucrose in a distinctive environment. Following acquisition, bilateral quisqualate-induced lesions of the basolateral amygdala, as well as bilateral quinolinate-induced lesions of the ventral striatum, abolished the conditioned place preference. Bilateral ventromedial, but not dorsolateral, quinolinate-induced caudate-putamen lesions attenuated the place preference. Combining a unilateral lesion of the basolateral amygdala with a contralateral lesion of the ventral striatum also disrupted the conditioned place preference. These data provide further support for the hypothesis that the basolateral amygdala and ventral striatum are important parts of a neural system subserving stimulus-reward associations.