Galantamine treatment in Alzheimer's disease with cerebrovascular disease: responder analyses from a randomized, controlled trial (GAL-INT-6)

J Psychopharmacol. 2008 Sep;22(7):761-8. doi: 10.1177/0269881107083028. Epub 2008 Feb 28.


Alzheimer's disease combined with cerebrovascular disease (AD with CVD) is associated with progressive decline, with CVD impacting AD onset and severity of progression. Subjects with confirmed diagnosis of AD with CVD were treated with galantamine during a six-month, randomized, placebo-controlled trial (N = 285). Responder analyses were performed for cognitive, behavioural and functional outcome measures. Galantamine treatment resulted in significantly greater cognitive and functional improvements compared with placebo at six months, and a significantly higher percentage of treatment responders. The proportion of responders demonstrating improved or maintained cognition on the 11-item AD assessment scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog/11) was 60.5% for galantamine versus 46.0% for placebo (P = 0.013). The proportion of patients responding by at least four-points on the ADAS-cog/11 was significantly greater for the galantamine group compared with placebo (33.6% versus 17.2%; P = 0.003). Seventy-five percent of galantamine-treated subjects improved or remained stable as assessed by CIBIC-plus compared with 53.6% on placebo (P = 0.0006). Significantly higher responder rates were observed with galantamine for behaviour (64.9% versus 56.6%; P = 0.024), and numerically favourable responder rates were seen with galantamine for activities of daily living. Treatment-emergent adverse events were generally related with the gastrointestinal system (nausea 20% versus 10%; vomiting 12% versus 5%; galantamine and placebo groups, respectively). Three deaths occurred during double-blind treatment: 2 of 188 subjects receiving galantamine, and 1 of 97 subjects receiving placebo. These findings are consistent with a broad range of cognitive, functional and behavioural benefits with galantamine across the spectrum of AD and AD with CVD.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Alzheimer Disease / complications
  • Alzheimer Disease / drug therapy*
  • Alzheimer Disease / psychology
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / complications
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / drug therapy*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / psychology
  • Cognition / drug effects
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Disease Progression
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Galantamine / adverse effects
  • Galantamine / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nootropic Agents / adverse effects
  • Nootropic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Psychomotor Performance / drug effects
  • Risk Assessment


  • Nootropic Agents
  • Galantamine