Objective: The aim of this study was to reveal whether or not the presence of anti-U1RNP antibodies is associated with a low amount of salivary secretion (ASS).
Subjects and methods: Twenty females (mean age 49+/-12 years) who had anti-U1RNP but not ACA, anti-Ro, or anti-La antibodies (anti-U1RNP-positive group), and 65 control females (mean age 50+/-12 years) were included in this study. The saxon test was performed to measure the ASS.
Results: After a correction for age by ANCOVA, ASS in the anti-U1RNP-positive group was significantly lower than ASS in the control group (p <0.001). In the control group, ASS was not significantly decreased with advanced age (r=-0.140, p=0.211). In the anti-U1RNP-positive group, ASS was decreased with age, without a significant difference (r=-0.379, p=0.100). In the next analysis, we introduced 'ASS with age correction', assuming that all subjects in the anti-U1RNP-positive group were 49 years of age. A negative correlation between the titers of anti-U1RNP antibodies and the ASS with the age correction in the anti-U1RNP-positive group was noted (r=-0.520, p=0.019). The log of the antinuclear antibodies titers, or titers of rheumatoid factor was significantly correlated with the titers of anti-U1RNP antibodies, respectively (r=0.466, p=0.038 and r=0.595, p=0.006; respectively). The pathological findings of minor salivary gland biopsy in 2 subjects were compatible with Sjögren's syndrome; one subject showed moderate lymphocytic infiltration.
Conclusion: The presence of anti-U1RNP antibodies is associated with reduced ASS.