Comparison of personal characteristics, tobacco use, and health states in Chaldean, Arab American, and non-Middle Eastern White adults

J Immigr Minor Health. 2009 Aug;11(4):310-7. doi: 10.1007/s10903-008-9125-7. Epub 2008 Mar 3.


This study compared and contrasted personal characteristics, tobacco use (cigarette and water pipe smoking), and health states in Chaldean, Arab American and non-Middle Eastern White adults attending an urban community service center. The average age was 39.4 (SD = 14.2). The three groups differed significantly (P < .006) on ethnicity, age, gender distribution, marital status, language spoken, education, employment, and annual income. Current cigarette smoking was highest for non-Middle Eastern White adults (35.4%) and current water pipe smoking was highest for Arab Americans (3.6%). Arab Americans were more likely to smoke both cigarettes and the narghile (4.3%). Health problems were highest among former smokers in all three ethnic groups. Being male, older, unmarried, and non-Middle Eastern White predicted current cigarette smoking; being Arab or Chaldean and having less formal education predicted current water pipe use.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Christianity*
  • Continental Population Groups*
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Islam*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Middle East / ethnology
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / ethnology*
  • United States / epidemiology