AtbZIP16 and AtbZIP68, two new members of GBFs, can interact with other G group bZIPs in Arabidopsis thaliana

BMB Rep. 2008 Feb 29;41(2):132-8. doi: 10.5483/bmbrep.2008.41.2.132.


AtbZIP16 and AtbZIP68 are two putative G group bZIP transcription factors in Arabidopsis thaliana, the other three members of G group bZIPs are GBF1-3 which can bind G-box. Members of G group have conservative protein structure: highly homological basic region and a proline-rich domain in the N-terminal region. Here, we report that AtbZIP16 and AtbZIP68 could bind cis elements with ACGT core, such as G-box, Hex, C-box and As-1, but with different binding affinities which from high to low were G-box > Hex > C-box > As-1; AtbZIP16 and AtbZIP68 could form homodimer and form heterodimer with other members of G group; N-terminal proline rich domain of AtbZIP16 had transactivation activity in yeast cells while that of AtbZIP68 did not; AtbZIP16 and AtbZIP68 GFP fusion protein localized in the nucleus of onion epidermal cells. These results indicated that AtbZIP16 and AtbZIP68 were two new members of GBFs. In Arabidopsis, AtbZIP16 and AtbZIP68 may also participate in light-responsive process in which GBF1-3 are involved.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism*
  • Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Computational Biology
  • Dimerization
  • Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay / methods
  • G-Box Binding Factors / genetics
  • G-Box Binding Factors / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Onions / chemistry
  • Onions / metabolism
  • Phylogeny
  • Plant Epidermis / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Two-Hybrid System Techniques


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors
  • G-Box Binding Factors
  • ZIP16 protein, Arabidopsis
  • ZIP68 protein, Arabidopsis