Antral inflammatory cells, gastric emptying, and electrogastrography in pediatric functional dyspepsia

Dig Dis Sci. 2008 Oct;53(10):2634-40. doi: 10.1007/s10620-008-0207-0. Epub 2008 Mar 5.


The aims of the current study were to determine the activation states of antral eosinophils and mast cells and to evaluate the interactions of antral inflammatory cells with gastric emptying and electrogastrography (EGG) in 30 pediatric patients with functional dyspepsia. Eosinophil degranulation was moderate in 42% and extensive in 54% of patients. Mast cell degranulation was > 50% in 81% of patients. Elevated mast cell density was associated with slower one hour gastric emptying and increased preprandial dysrhythmia. Mast cell density correlated with the preprandial percentage tachygastria. CD3+ cell density correlated with the preprandial percentage tachygastria also, but only in patients with increased eosinophil density. In conclusion, antral eosinophils and mast cells are significantly activated in pediatric functional dyspepsia. Mast cell density is associated with delayed gastric emptying and preprandial dysrhythmia, suggesting that there may be an interaction between antral inflammation and gastric electromechanical dysfunction in the pathophysiology of pediatric functional dyspepsia.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Dyspepsia / pathology*
  • Dyspepsia / physiopathology*
  • Electrophysiology / methods*
  • Eosinophils / pathology
  • Eosinophils / physiology
  • Female
  • Gastric Emptying / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / pathology
  • Inflammation / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Mast Cells / pathology
  • Mast Cells / physiology
  • Mechanotransduction, Cellular / physiology
  • Pyloric Antrum / pathology*